Community-Based Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines: Achievements and Challenges of the Purok System

Angelina Matthies

Abstract


The purok system in the Philippines is promoted as a voluntary self-organization at the sub-village level which strengthens community resilience to natural hazards. In 2011, the system received the UN Sasakawa Award and gained prominence among the practitioner community. Based on a qualitative study in the municipality of San Francisco (Cebu province) from December 2014 to March 2015, the article elaborates on the achievements and challenges of the purok system. Striking merits encompass efficient and effective information dissemination and evacuation measurements between all levels of political administration that stem from the system’s remarkable enforcement of human and social capital. This is underpinned by a clear determination of roles and responsibility that is subsumed under the concept of accountability. However, the purok system faces internal challenges of maintenance and implies profound conceptual ambiguities regarding the notion of voluntarism and capabilities that favor clientelism. Nevertheless, the purok system clearly distinguishes itself from conventional community-based disaster risk management practices and implies potentials that are highly beneficial for strengthening resilience in disaster prone areas.

Keywords


Community-Based Disaster Risk Management; Purok System; Resilience; Social Capital; Voluntarism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, K. M. (2003). Meanings and constraints: Processes shaping vulnerability reduction in Philippine National Red Cross Disaster Preparedness Initiatives. PhD thesis, School of Social Science, Middlesex University.

Allen, K. M. (2006). Community-based disaster preparedness and climate adaptation: Local capacitybuilding in the Philippines. Disasters, 30 (1), 81-101.

Delica-Willison, Z., & Gaillard, J. G. (2012). Community action and disaster. In B. Wisner, J. C. Gaillard, & I. Kelman (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of hazards and disaster risk reduction (pp. 711-722). London: Routledge.

Devuyst, D. (2001). Sustainable development at the local level. The North-South context. In D. Devuyst, L. Hens, & W. De Lannoy (Eds.), How green is the city? Sustainable assessment and the management of urban environments (pp. 110-124). New York: Columbia University Press.

Fernandez, G., Uy, N., & Shaw, R. (2012). Community-based disaster risk management experience of the Philippines. In R. Shaw (Ed.), Community-based disaster risk reduction (pp. 205-231). Bingley: Emerald.

Guillermo, A. R., & Win, M. K. (2005). Historical dictionary of the Philippines. Lanham: Scarecrow Press.

Mc Elroy, A. (2013, November 15). Evacuation saves whole island from Typhoon Haiyan. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Retrieved from http://www.unisdr.org/archive/35524

National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Council Philippines. (2016). Republic Act 10121. Retrieved from http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/45/Republic_Act_10121.pdf

Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Eyche, K. F., & Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2008). Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 127-150.

O’Brien, G., Bhatt, M., Saunders, W., Gaillard, J. C., & Wisner, B. (2012). Local government and disaster. In B. Wisner, J. C. Gaillard, & I. Kelman (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of hazards and disaster risk reduction (pp. 629-649). London: Routledge.

Putnam, R. D. (1995). Tuning in, tuning out: The strange disappearance of social capital in America. Political Science and Politics, 28(4), 664-683.

Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Ranada, P. (2014). Disaster risk reduction in Camotes: The Purok system. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/video/reports/59161-disaster-risk-reduction-in-camotes-the-purok-system

Shaw, T. (2009). Earthquake risk management, local governance, and community participation in Manila. In R. Shaw, H. Srinivas, & A. Sharma (Eds.), Urban risk reduction: An Asian perspective (pp. 119-149). Bingley: Emerald.

Szreter, S., & Woolcock, M. (2004). Health by association? Social capital, social theory, and the political economy of public health. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 650-667.

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. (2012). Making cities resilient. My city is getting ready. Retrieved from http://www.unisdr.org/campaign/resilientcities/champions/view/47681566

Victoria, L. P. (2003). Community based disaster management in the Philippines: Making a difference in people’s life. Center for Disaster Preparedness. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/733_8363.pdf

Welle, T., & Birkmann, J. (2016). The World Risk Index 2016. Retrieved from http://weltrisikobericht.de/wpcontent/uploads/2016/08/WorldRiskReport2016.pdf




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14764/10.ASEAS-2017.1-7

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

This website is part of www.seas.at