Music and Artistic Artefacts: Symbols of Rohingya Identity and Everyday Resistance in Borderlands


  • Kazi Fahmida Farzana National University of Singapore



Music, Art, Rohingya Refugees, Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar


This study looks at the creation of music and art by Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh as a symbol of social resistance and identity. Ethnographic research on the Rohingyas’ use of music and art suggests that these non-conventional means play an important role in communicating their coherent identity and expressing their resistance to the discrimination and oppression experienced in their country of origin as well as in their exile in Bangladesh. This informal resistance is used to keep their memory alive, to transmit that history through verbal and visual expressions to the new generations, and to communicate information about themselves to outsiders. This article posits that these forms of expression, while suggestive of their identity and everyday resistance, occur mostly in an informal and indirect form, rather than in direct confrontation and protest. These informal means also refl ect the Rohingyas’ pragmatism and coping strategies for living in the borderlands.

Author Biography

Kazi Fahmida Farzana, National University of Singapore

Kazi Fahmida Farzana is a PhD Candidate in the South Asian Studies Programme, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore.






Current Research on Southeast Asia