Land Acquisition Under Land Law 2013: A Case Study of Vinh City, Nghe An Province
Keywords:Vietnam, Nghe An Province, Land Acquisition, Land Law 2013, VSIP
After implementing a comprehensive reform in 1986, Vietnam witnessed change in many aspects. One of these changes is that agricultural land has been converted into industrial and urban land. Increasing land demand, leading to land acquisition, is inevitable. Over time, land laws and policies have been developed to address various problems. However, land acquisition and compensation procedures still have many issues to be solved. This paper outlines changes in Vietnam’s legal system related to land acquisition, followed by land acquisition forms and procedures. Responses to this process were inquired through a survey of 170 landless households in Vinh city. Ten face-to-face interviews were also conducted to collect qualitative data. The results show that the authorities have followed the land acquisition procedures in the Vietnamese context. However, directly affected households do not feel satisfied with the compensation that the state has paid to them, while indirectly affected families rated the current policy as unfair to them.
Admasu, W. F., Passel, S. V., Minale, A. S., Tsegaye, E. A., Azadi, H., & Nyssen, J. (2019). Take out the farmer: An economic assessment of land expropriation for urban expansion in Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. Land Use Policy, 87, 1-11.
Ahmed, A., Abubakari, Z., & Gasparatos, A. (2019). Labelling large-scale land acquisitions as land grabs: Procedural and distributional considerations from two cases in Ghana. Geoforum, 105, 191-205.
Boamah, F. (2014). Imageries of the contested concepts “land grabbing” and “land transactions”: Implications for biofuels investments in Ghana. Geoforum, 54, 324-334.
Chau, T. (2022). VSIP Nghệ An: Khu công nghiệp đô thị và dịch vụ đẳng cấp [VSIP Nghe An: Urban industrial park and high-class service]. Nghe An Journal. https://baonghean.vn/vsip-nghe-an-khu-cong-nghiep-do-thi-va-dich-vu-dang-cap-301593.html
Clover, J., & Eriksen, S. (2009). The effects of land tenure change on sustainability: Human security and environmental change in southern Africa savannas. Environmental Science & Policy, 12(1), 53-70.
Do, Q.-T., & Iyer, L. (2003). Land rights and economic development: Evidence from Vietnam. Policy Research Working Papers, No. 3120. World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/18116
FAO. (2009). Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
FAO. (2014). Impacts of foreign agricultural investment on developing countries: Evidence from case studies. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Hansen, K. (2013). Land law, land rights, and land reform in Vietnam: A deeper look into “land grabbing” for public and private development. Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection, 1722. https://digitalcollections.sit.edu/isp_collection/1722
Hung, N. D. (2021). Một số bất cập trong quy định về trình tự, thủ tục thu hồi đất trong Luật đất đai năm 2013 [Some inadequacies in regulations on order and procedures for land recovery in the 2013 Land Law]. Vietnam Lawyer Journal. http://lsvn.vn/mot-so-bat-cap-trong-quy-dinh-ve-trinh-tu-thu-tuc-thu-hoi-dat-trong-luat-dat-dai-nam-20131621266996.html
Keith, S., McAuslan, P., Knight, R., Lindsay, J., Munro-Faure, P., & Palmer, D., (2008). Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation. FAO Land Tenure Series.
Kombe, W. J. (2010). Land acquisition for public use, emerging conflicts and their socio-political implications. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 2(1), 45-63.
Kontgis, C., Schneider, A., Fox, J., Saksena, S., Spencer, J., & Castrence, M. (2014). Monitoring peri-urbanization in the greater Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area. Applied Geography, 53, 377-388.
Kusiluka, M., Kngela, S., Kusiluka, M., Karimuribo, D., & Kusiluka, L. (2011). The negative impact of land acquisition on indigenous communities’ livelihood and environment in Tanzania. Habitat International, 35(1), 66-73.
Labbé, D., & Musil, C. (2013). Periurban land redevelopment in Vietnam under Market Socialism. Urban Studies, 51(6), 1146-1161.
Le, K., & Nguyen, M. (2020). The impacts of farmland expropriation on Vietnam’s rural households. Review of Development Economics, 24(4), 1560-1582.
Lim, G. (1985). Korea: Land-acquisition policies and procedures of the Korean Land Development Corporation. In G. Kitay (Ed.), Land acquisition in developing countries: Policies and procedures of the public sector (pp. 131-146). Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
Liz, C. (2003). Ripple effects: Population and coastal regions. Population Reference Bureau. https://www.prb.org/wp-content/uploads/2003/09/RippleEffects_Eng.pdf
Marsh, S. P., & MacAulay, T. G. (2003). Farm size and land use changes in Vietnam following land reforms. 47th Annual Conference of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economic Society, 13-15 February 2003, Fremantle, Perth, Australia.
Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment. (2016). Báo cáo hiện trạng môi trường quốc gia 2016: Môi trường đô thị [National Environmental Status Report 2016: Urban Environment]. Vietnam Publishing House of Natural Resources, Environment and Cartography.
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (1993). Land law of 1993. National Political Publishing House of Vietnam.
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (2003). Land law of 2003. National Political Publishing House of Vietnam.
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (2013). Land law of 2013. National Political Publishing House of Vietnam.
Ngo. (2012). Periurbanization and its impacts on society and culture. In T. N. Ton, F. Quertamp, C. d. Miras, N. Q. Vinh, L. V. Nam, & T. H. Truong, Trends of urbanization and suburbanization in Southeast Asia (pp. 265-284). Ho Chi Minh City General Publishing House.
Ngoc, T. T. B., Barysheva, G. A., & Trung, T. D. (2019). Industrial zone development and internal migration issue in Vietnam: Evidence from Binh Duong Province. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 9(2), 649-661.
Nicholas, T. (2017). The status of national legal frameworks for valuing compensation for expropriated land: An analysis of whether national laws in 50 countries/regions across Asia, Africa, and Latin America comply with international standards on compensation valuation. Land, 6, 37.
Nguyen, H. L., Duan, J., & Zhang, G. Q. (2018). Land politics under market socialism: The state, land policies, and rural-urban land conversion in China and Vietnam. Land, 7(2), 51.
Nguyen, T. T. (2021). Conversion of land use and household livelihoods in Vietnam: A study in Nghe An. Open Agriculture, 6, 82-92.
Nguyen, T. T., Hegedus, G., and Nguyen, T. L. (2019). Effects of land acquisition and compensation on the livelihoods of people in Quang Ning District, Quang Binh Province: Labor and income. Land, 8(6), 91.
Phong, V. (2021). VSIP Nghệ An khu liên hợp Công nghiệp, Đô thị và Dịch vụ mang tầm quốc tế [VSIP Nghe An international complex of industry, urban and service]. Dan Sinh Journal. https://baodansinh.vn/vsip-nghe-an-khu-lien-hop-cong-nghiep-do-thi-va-dich-vu-mang-tam-quoc-te-2021021421284151.htm
Schutter, O. D. (2011). How not to think of land-grabbing: Three critiques of large-scale investments in farmland. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 38(2), 249-279.
Thai, N. (2019). Khu công nghiệp Nghệ An vì đâu bỏ hoang [The reason why Nghe An Industrial Park was abandoned]. http://nghean24h.vn/khu-cong-nghiep-nghe-an-vi-dau-bo-hoang-a576720.html
Than, C. H. (2016). Bất cập trong quy định của pháp luật về trình tự, thủ tục thu hồi đất vì mục đích quốc phòng, an ninh; phát triển kinh tế-xã hội vì lợi ích quốc gia, công cộng [The limitations of current regulations on the procedures of land recovery for national defense, security, and economic-social development purpose]. Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ, 43, 1-9.
Tho, N., & Thang, C. (2019). Nghệ An: 5 năm thu hút 690 dự án, tổng vốn 143.000 tỷ đồng [Nghe An: 5 years attracted 690 projects, total capital of 143,000 billion VND]. https://danviet.vn/nghe-an-5-nam-thu-hut-690-du-an-tong-von-143000-ty-dong-7777956573.htm
Truong, T. H., Thao, T. T., & Tung, S. T. (2017). Housing and transportation in Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh City: Case studies in social urban development. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/vietnam/13909.pdf
Tuan, N. T. (2021a). The consequences of expropriation of agricultural land and loss of livelihoods on those households who lost land in Da Nang, Vietnam. Environmental & Socio-Economic Studies, 9(2), 26-38.
Tuan, N. T. (2021b). Vietnam land market: Definitions, characteristics, and effects. Journal of Asian Development, 7(1), 28-39.
Van, T. (2018). VSIP Nghệ An – Tiên phong xây dựng môi trường sống và làm việc chuẩn quốc tế [VSIP Nghe An - Pioneering in building an international standard living and working environment]. https://baodautu.vn/vsip-nghe-an--tien-phong-xay-dung-moi-truong-song-va-lam-viec-chuan-quoc-te-d76147.html
World Bank. (2011). Compulsory land acquisition and voluntary land conversion in Vietnam: The conceptual approach, land valuation and grievance redress echanisms. World Bank.
World Bank. (2015). Urban land acquisition and involuntary resettlement: Linking innovation and local benefits: Case study report. World Bank.
World Bank. (2020). Vietnam’s urbanization at a crossroad: Embarking on an efficient, inclusive, and resilient Pathway. World Bank.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Society for South-East Asian Studies (SEAS)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in ASEAS before December 2019 are licensed under the following Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported. Articles published after that date are licensed under the following Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International. Authors do NOT have to pay APC (Article Processing Charge) in order for their article to be published open access under the above mentioned license.